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Keeping Gerbils As Pets

Gerbils: Inquisitive, friendly animals that rarely bite, Gerbils make good pets for children. They are easy to look after, hygienic, and sociable. They also love digging! Unlike hamsters, Gerbils should not be kept on their own but in same sex pairs or groups. They generally live for 3 to 5 years and are most active during the evening and at night.


Gerbils in the wild live underground in tunnels, so you should aim to create a similar environment for your domestic pet. A purpose-built Gerbil cage is the best option, although a glass aquarium can be used, provided a wire mesh lid is fitted to allow ventilation.

Your Gerbil’s home should be kept out of direct sunlight and away from draughts.

Shredded paper nesting material should be provided, along with wood shavings or sawdust. As Gerbils are naturally desert creatures, they use food and water efficiently and therefore produce little waste. The cage should be cleaned once a week - a small litter tray can be provided to help keep a hygienic environment for your Gerbil.

Types of Gerbil

There are a number of species of Gerbil; however the Mongolian Gerbil is the one to keep as a pet. Unlike Rats or Mice, Gerbils have hairy tails.


A good quality Gerbil mix makes an ideal core diet for your pet. This can be supplemented with small pieces of fresh fruit and vegetables. Be aware that Gerbils hoard food, so don’t give them too many green vegetables (which can rot). Fresh drinking water should always be available, usually in a gravity bottle although a small heavy bowl can be used instead. Like all rodents, a Gerbil’s front teeth grow continuously, so provide them with something to gnaw on. You should never feed your Gerbil potatoes, rhubarb, or tomato leaves.

Looking after your Gerbil

Exercise & Entertainment:
Most active during the evening and night, Gerbils enjoy cardboard tubes to run through and chew on, and they love to dig and burrow so provide plenty of bedding for this purpose. They also enjoy climbing – a fruit branch is ideal.

Gerbils usually enjoy human contact but can occasionally be timid. If this is the case, hold your hand in the cage without touching your Gerbil – this allows it to get used to your scent – then gently stroke your pet. You can pick up a Gerbil by placing your hand gently around its body behind the front legs whilst supporting the hindquarters with your other hand. Be warned though – they can move and jump surprisingly quickly, so always handle them above a soft surface that won’t harm them should they fall. Never pick up a Gerbil by its tail as serious injury can result.

Gerbils can breed extremely quickly from 3 months old, producing a litter every 24 days! You should therefore seek expert advice before considering keeping a breeding pair and only if you’re certain you can find good homes for the babies.
Tips for a happy healthy Gerbil

Unlike hamsters, Gerbils naturally live in groups. Two or more Gerbils of the same sex, from the same litter, should get on well. Adult Gerbils – females especially – can be territorial so if introducing an older Gerbil, proceed carefully. Dividing the cage with a wire screen is the best way – your Gerbils will be able to see and smell each other without any danger of fighting. Swap them around to spread their scent throughout the whole cage; after 3 or 4 days it should be safe to remove the screen.

A healthy Gerbil will be alert, have bright eyes, and a glossy coat. They are generally healthy creatures but as with all pets, if you are worried about any aspect of your Gerbil’s health, seek veterinary advice. For a healthy life, your Gerbil needs the following:

  • A good balanced diet with no sudden changes
  • Clean dry housing, cleaned once a week with a mild disinfectant
  • No extreme or sudden changes in temperature
  • Water bottle and feed bowls cleaned daily
  • Gnawing block or fruit tree branch to help wear their continually growing teeth
  • Plenty of wood shavings and bedding for burrowing and digging

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Every owner has a duty of care towards their animal. People should not take on the responsibility of keeping a pet unless they have the means to provide it with appropriate care and attention. This includes providing specialist treatment in the case of sickness or injury to prevent unnecessary suffering. Owners should arrange for their animal to be taken to a vet as soon as it becomes ill and be prepared to pay for any treatment themselves.
Pet Retailers Association - a division of the Pet Industry Federation
Pets World is a member of the Pet Retailers Association - a division of the Pet Industry Federation.
Our own pet care policy is additional to the Pet Retailers Association policy, which we adhere to by being a member.

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